If you have built-in sound support, you will get some useful information at
boot time. If you have sound support installed as a loadable module, you can
get the same information (perhaps after removing the sound module with
modprobe -r sound first) with
# modprobe -a sound trace_init=1 Sound initialization started <Sound Blaster 16 (4.13)> at 0x220 irq 5 dma 1,5 <Sound Blaster 16> at 0x330 irq 5 dma 0 <Yamaha OPL3 FM> at 0x388 Sound initialization complete AWE32 Sound Driver v0.3.3e (DRAM 2048k)
If you have a
/proc virtual file system, you can look for the sound device
# cat /proc/devices Character devices: [...] 14 sound [...]
Next make sure you have the correct devices installed under
look at the Sound HOWTO for details. Then ask
/dev/sndstat about the status of
the sound module:
# cat /dev/sndstat Sound Driver:3.5.4-960630 (Sat Oct 11 19:35:14 CEST 1997 root, Linux flora 2.0.29 #1 Sat Oct 11 19:12:56 CEST 1997 i586 unknown) Kernel: Linux flora 2.0.29 #1 Sat Oct 11 19:36:23 CEST 1997 i586 Config options: 0 Installed drivers: Type 1: OPL-2/OPL-3 FM Type 2: Sound Blaster Type 7: SB MPU-401 Card config: Sound Blaster at 0x220 irq 5 drq 1,5 SB MPU-401 at 0x330 irq 5 drq 0 OPL-2/OPL-3 FM at 0x388 drq 0 Audio devices: 0: Sound Blaster 16 (4.13) Synth devices: 0: Yamaha OPL-3 1: AWE32 Driver v0.3.3e (DRAM 2048k) Midi devices: 0: Sound Blaster 16 Timers: 0: System clock Mixers: 0: Sound Blaster 1: AWE32 Equalizer
If you don't have an output like this, perhaps there is an error in your configuration. Go on and see what doesn't work, then go back to step Getting Started, checking everything.
Try to get an
.au file (Sun workstation) or a raw sample file, and do
# cat bell.au > /dev/audio
# cat sample > /dev/dsp
You should hear the content of the file via the
Audio Device 0: Sound
Blaster 16 (4.3).
If you want to use the OPL-2/OPL-3 FM synthesis to play MIDI-Files with your
sound card, try the program
playmidi (see Appendix B). Start it with
# playmidi -f dance.mid
# playmidi -4 dance.mid
The former will give you OPL-2, the latter OPL-3 MIDI music. If you are embarrassed about the sound, don't blame playmidi: It is the FM synthesis that sounds bad.
Imagine you would only have the OSS/Free Sound Driver: Than this is the quality of MIDI Music you can achieve (apart from software synthesis). Fortunately, you have a SB AWE, and you can use the Wave Table capabilities with the AWE Sound Driver Extension.
The AWE Driver Extension comes with special tools (
awesfx) to make use of the
EMU 8000 Wave Table synthesis. First, you have to load a Sound Font Bank on
your card - even if you want to use the ROM samples! You can get the files
from your Windows installation - look for files ending in
The ROM samples can be loaded with
SYNTHGM.SBK, real samples are in
SYNTHMT.SBK, as well as in
SAMPLE.SBK. You can get other
Sound Font Banks via ftp or www, try the EMU Homepage, the web site from
Creative Labs, and look out for the Chaos samples, they are really good (be
sure to check out the AWE Driver Web Site).
Try to load the standard GM (ROM) set with
# sfxload -i synthgm.sbk
and then play a midi file that comes with your SB AWE:
# drvmidi dance.mid
Get your favorite mixer program and start it. Start a raw audio sample and two MIDI files at the same time, and try out the mixer settings. Play a bit, it should be very easy. Here a list of the devices and how they are called:
Synth or FM
Synth or FM (does anyone know a mixer were the last two are separated from each other?)
PCM or DSP
Other mixer settings refer to the CD ROM, possibly connected to the sound card, to Master Volume, Bass, Treble and Recording Level of the different input lines. You can specify which lines should be recorded.
You can record different sources: a connected CD ROM, a microphone connected
mic, and any that you can connect to
line in. Set the
mixer in the appropriate position. Play a sound and record into a file,
reading from the Raw Audio Device, for example:
# cdplay # dd bs=8k count=5 </dev/dsp >music.au 5+0 records in 5+0 records out # cat music.au >/dev/dsp
records and plays five seconds of audio from the input device.
Sorry, no information about MIDI port yet!