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A Sample Script

Figure: A sample dip script

            # Sample dip script for dialing up cowslip
            # Set local and remote name and address
            get $local vlager
            get $remote cowslip

            port cua3                # choose a serial port
            speed 38400              # set speed to max
            modem HAYES              # set modem type
            reset                    # reset modem and tty
            flush                    # flush out modem response

            # Prepare for dialing.
            send ATQ0V1E1X1\r
            wait OK 2
            if $errlvl != 0 goto error
            dial 0123456789
            if $errlvl != 0 goto error
            wait CONNECT 60
            if $errlvl != 0 goto error

            # Okay, we're connected now
            sleep 3
            send \r\n\r\n
            wait ogin: 10
            if $errlvl != 0 goto error
            send Cvlager\r
            wait ssword: 5
            if $errlvl != 0 goto error
		#better not leave your password in ascii (thanx noud)
            wait running 30
            if $errlvl != 0 goto error
	#to set up your remote and local IP
        get $remote remote
        print remote = $remote
   	if $errlvl != 0 goto error
       	wait to 3
   	get $local remote
        print local = $local
   	if $errlvl != 0 goto error

        # We have logged in, and the remote side is firing up CSLIP.
        print Connected to $remote with address $rmtip
        default                  # Make this link our default route
        mode CSLIP                # We go to CSLIP mode, too
        # fall through in case of error
        print CSLIP to $remote failed.

A sample script is produced in figure-gif. It can be used to connect to cowslip by invoking dip with the script name as argument:

           # dip cowslip.dip
           DIP: Dialup IP Protocol Driver version 3.3.7 (12/13/93)
           Written by Fred N. van Kempen, MicroWalt Corporation.

           connected to with addr
After connecting to cowslip and enabling CSLIP, dip will detach from the terminal and go to the background. You can then start using the normal networking services on the CSLIP link. To terminate the connection, simply invoke dip with the -k option. This sends a hangup signal to dip process, using the process id dip records in /etc/
           # kill -k
In dip's scripting language, keywords prefixed with a dollar symbol denote variable names. dip has a predefined set of variables which will be listed below. $remote and $local, for instance, contain the hostnames of the local and remote host involved in the SLIP link.

The first two statements in the sample script are get commands, which is dip's way to set a variable. Here, the local and remote hostname are set to vlager and cowslip, respectively.

The next five statements set up the terminal line and the modem. The reset sends a reset string to the modem; for Hayes-compatible modems, this is the ATZ command. The next statement flushes out the modem response, so that the login chat in the next few lines will work properly. This chat is pretty straight-forward: it simply dials 41988, the phone number of cowslip, and logs into the account Svlager using the password hey-jude. The wait command makes dip wait for the string given as its first argument; the number given as second argument make the wait time out after that many seconds if no such string is received. The if commands interspersed in the login procedure check that no error has occurred while executing the command.

The final commands executed after logging in are default, which makes the SLIP link the default route to all hosts, and mode, which enables SLIP mode on the line and configures the interface and routing table for you.

Next: A dip Reference Up: Using dip Previous: Using dip

Andrew Anderson
Thu Mar 7 23:22:06 EST 1996