Figure: A sample dip script
# Sample dip script for dialing up cowslip # Set local and remote name and address get $local vlager get $remote cowslip port cua3 # choose a serial port speed 38400 # set speed to max modem HAYES # set modem type reset # reset modem and tty flush # flush out modem response # Prepare for dialing. send ATQ0V1E1X1\r wait OK 2 if $errlvl != 0 goto error dial 0123456789 if $errlvl != 0 goto error wait CONNECT 60 if $errlvl != 0 goto error # Okay, we're connected now sleep 3 send \r\n\r\n wait ogin: 10 if $errlvl != 0 goto error send Cvlager\r wait ssword: 5 if $errlvl != 0 goto error #better not leave your password in ascii (thanx noud) password wait running 30 if $errlvl != 0 goto error #to set up your remote and local IP get $remote remote print remote = $remote if $errlvl != 0 goto error wait to 3 get $local remote print local = $local if $errlvl != 0 goto error # We have logged in, and the remote side is firing up CSLIP. print Connected to $remote with address $rmtip default # Make this link our default route mode CSLIP # We go to CSLIP mode, too # fall through in case of error error: print CSLIP to $remote failed.
A sample script is produced in figure-. It can be used to connect to cowslip by invoking dip with the script name as argument:
# dip cowslip.dip DIP: Dialup IP Protocol Driver version 3.3.7 (12/13/93) Written by Fred N. van Kempen, MicroWalt Corporation. connected to cowslip.moo.com with addr 22.214.171.124 #After connecting to cowslip and enabling CSLIP, dip will detach from the terminal and go to the background. You can then start using the normal networking services on the CSLIP link. To terminate the connection, simply invoke dip with the -k option. This sends a hangup signal to dip process, using the process id dip records in /etc/dip.pid:
# kill -kIn dip's scripting language, keywords prefixed with a dollar symbol denote variable names. dip has a predefined set of variables which will be listed below. $remote and $local, for instance, contain the hostnames of the local and remote host involved in the SLIP link.
The first two statements in the sample script are get commands, which is dip's way to set a variable. Here, the local and remote hostname are set to vlager and cowslip, respectively.
The next five statements set up the terminal line and the modem. The reset sends a reset string to the modem; for Hayes-compatible modems, this is the ATZ command. The next statement flushes out the modem response, so that the login chat in the next few lines will work properly. This chat is pretty straight-forward: it simply dials 41988, the phone number of cowslip, and logs into the account Svlager using the password hey-jude. The wait command makes dip wait for the string given as its first argument; the number given as second argument make the wait time out after that many seconds if no such string is received. The if commands interspersed in the login procedure check that no error has occurred while executing the command.
The final commands executed after logging in are default, which makes the SLIP link the default route to all hosts, and mode, which enables SLIP mode on the line and configures the interface and routing table for you.